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2 edition of Synthesis of aliphatic nitrate esters by reaction of metal nitrates with phosphate esters found in the catalog.

Synthesis of aliphatic nitrate esters by reaction of metal nitrates with phosphate esters

Willis Harford Baldwin

Synthesis of aliphatic nitrate esters by reaction of metal nitrates with phosphate esters

by Willis Harford Baldwin

  • 265 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Oak Ridge, Tenn, [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Organic compounds -- Synthesis,
  • Aliphatic compounds,
  • Nitrates,
  • Phosphates

  • Edition Notes

    StatementW. H. Baldwin, Walter E. Clark, W. B. Hoverton
    SeriesORNL/TM ; 6736
    ContributionsClark, Walter Ernest, 1916- joint author, Howerton, W. B., joint author, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 7 p. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14881808M

    From UMass Library Catalog Sorted by Year. And we would form our nitrate ester. All right. So now, we have R with an oxygen, and then, N02, like that. So once again, I think this is the correct mechanism, but I'm not % sure. The formation of nitrate esters has a few very famous examples. Let's look at the most famous reaction where a nitrate .

    By decarboxylation of α-nitro carboxylic acids formed from nitriles and ethyl nitrate. Ter Meer Reaction. In nucleophilic aliphatic substitution, sodium nitrite (NaNO 2) replaces an alkyl halide. In the so-called Ter Meer reaction () named after Edmund ter Meer, the reactant is a 1,1-halonitroalkane. Synthesis of unnatural α-amino esters using ethyl nitroacetate and condensation or cycloaddition reactions Glwadys€Gagnot1,2,3, Vincent€Hervin1,2, Eloi€P.€Coutant1,2, Sarah€Desmons1,2, Racha€Baatallah1,2, Victor€Monnot1,2 and€Yves€L.€Janin*1,2 Full Research .

    Unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons are characterized by straight or branched carbon chains containing at least one double or triple bond between the carbon atoms. They are also known as alkenes or olefins (for compounds containing a C-C double bond) and alkynes . "Hybrid nitrates", in which activities of both the native drug and NO are present, have been obtained with the aim of originating safer and more active drugs. The technology consists in the choice of the appropriate chemical spacer arm carrying the nitric ester in order to obtain the best pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profile.


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Synthesis of aliphatic nitrate esters by reaction of metal nitrates with phosphate esters by Willis Harford Baldwin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Nitrate esters of short-chain alkyl alcohols can be conveniently obtained by distilling mixtures of the appropriate trialkyl phosphate with metallic nitrate salts. Runaway reactions are avoided by using only those metal nitrates that initially undergo an endothermic reaction with trialkyl phosphate.

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Nitrate Ester. Nitrate esters are sometimes formed as minor by-products in the oxidation of certain olefins with TTN in methanol.7, In the case of labdane- and kaurene-type diterpenoids, however, which contain a methylene group exocyclic to a six- and five-membered ring respectively, nitrate esters or products derived from nitrate esters are the sole products obtained from oxidations using TTN.

Synthesis and reactions. Nitrate esters are typically prepared by condensation of nitric acid and the alcohol: For example, the simplest nitrate ester, methyl nitrate, is formed by reaction of methanol and nitric acid in the presence of sulfuric acid: CH 3 OH + HNO 3 → CH 3 ONO 2 + H 2 O. This condensation is sometimes called "nitroxylation".

New β‐hydroxy nitrates have been synthesized by the ring‐opening reaction of epoxides with Bi(NO 3) 3 5H 2 O, which was used both as a catalyst and reagent. The synthesized molecules are both potential cyclitol mimetics and vasodilators as a result of their hydroxy groups and nitrate by: Reaction of O(3P) with C3H6: Yield of the Reaction Products as a Function of Temperature.

The Journal of Physical Chemistry A(8), DOI: /6b Lu Xu, Hongyu Guo, Rodney J. Weber, and Nga Lee Ng. Solid-Phase Combinatorial Synthesis of Polyisoxazolines: A Two-Reaction Iterative Protocol. The Journal of Organic Chemistry61 (25), DOI: /jol.

Nathan Kornblum, William M. Weaver. The Reaction of Sodium Nitrite with. Synthesis of 1,3-bis(2-nitroxyethylnitramino)-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.

Its synthesis also involves two steps. Synthesis of 1,3-bis(2-hydroxyethylamino)-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (II) g of styphnyl chloride, obtained from styphnic acid on treatment with pyridine followed by phosphorus oxychloride (POCl 3), was dissolved in ml of.

Nitrate esters (e.g., glyceryl trinitrate, or nitroglycerin) are explosive. Phosphate esters are biologically important (nucleic acids belong to this group) and are used widely in industry as solvents, plasticizers, flame retardants, gasoline and oil additives, and insecticides.

The idea of this book is to present the up-to-date research results on Nitrate Esters as explosive materials. It covers many aspects including the material structures, nitrating agent, chemical synthesis devices, preparation technology, and applications etc.

Ferric nitrate with catalytic TEMPO is a useful combination of reagents for regio- and stereoselective nitration of various aromatic, aliphatic, and heteroaromatic olefins.

This mild and operationally simple reaction provided nitroolefins in preparatively useful yields with excellent E-selectivity. Aliphatic nitrate esters are currently the most widely used energetic ingredients in single- double- and triple-base propellants.

These nitrate esters are unstable at ambient conditions, and stabilizing agents should be incorporated into the energetic compositions to inhibit and slow down the decomposition reactions that can occur.

However, the currently used stabilizers present a number of. Herein we describe the synthesis of a new energetic nitrate ester (1) that is a solid at ambient temperatures, has a melting point of {sup o}C and has the highest density of any known.

Mixtures of metal/nonmetal nitrates with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates; mixtures of a nitrate with phosphorus, tin (II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick p.

A simple and efficient protocol has been developed for the direct synthesis of γ-nitrobutyric acid methyl esters under microwave irradiation. This methodology reduces reaction times from days to minutes, compared to conventional conditions.

Additionally, these conditions increased yields and provided cleaner reactions. Nitroethane synthesis: a compilation Method 1: from sodium ethyl sulfate and a metal nitrite mole sodium nitrite (g) is intimately mixed with 1 mole of sodium ethyl sulfate (g) and moles of K 2 CO 3 (g).

The mixture is then heated to °C, at which temperature the nitroethane distills over as soon as it is formed. Request PDF | Esters | Esters are compounds that result from the reaction of an alcohol or phenol with acids or derivatives of acids.

Almost all the aliphatic esters are | Find, read and cite. Thermal Decomposition of Nitrate Esters1 Michael A. Hiskey, Kay R. Brower, and Jimmie C. Oxley* Department of Chemistry New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Socorro, New Mexico Abstract Rates of thermal decomposition and solvent rate effects have been measured for a series of nitrate esters.

EARLY work1 gives a very confused picture of the reactions which occur in either alkaline or acid hydrolysis of organic esters of nitric acid. The only clearly established point is the occurrence.

Explosives - Nitrate esters. Nitrate (NO3-) (CAS No. ) is an inorganic anion resulting from the oxidation of elemental nitrogen. It is an essential nutrient for plant protein synthesis. This group includes many subclasses, such as the metal nitrophenoxides, nitroalkanes, nitroalkenes, and nitroalkyl peroxonitrates.

These substances can be generally described by the formula RNOx, the R being the organic portion of the molecule.Nitrate Esters as Nitric Oxide Donors: SS-Nitrates Sergei I. Zavorin, Jennifer D. Artz, Adina Dumitrascu, Adrian Nicolescu, Dan Scutaru, Stefanie V.

Smith, and Gregory R. J. Thatcher* Department of Chemistry, Queen’s UniVersity, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada [email protected] Received Decem ABSTRACT.13 Esters X X X 13 14 Monomers & Polymerizable Esters X X X X X X 14 Ammonium Nitrate acids, metal powders, flammable liquids, chlorates, nitrates, sulfur, Sodium nitrite ammonium nitrate and other ammonium salts Sodium peroxide ethyl or methyl alcohol, glacial acetic acid, acetic anhydride.